Common Name: Atlantic cod
Latin Name: Gadus morhua
Size/weight: Up to 51 inches long and 77 pounds.
Range: Both sides of the North Atlantic, on our side from Greenland to Cape Hatteras.
Habitat: Near the bottom of the water column in areas range from near shore to the edge of the continental shelf.
Diet: Cod are omnivorous, feeding on a wide variety of fish and invertebrates.
Predators: Humans, larger fish.
Description: Greenish, brown or grey dorsally, lighter shading ventrally. Prominent barbel on chin. Spots on back and sides. Three dorsal fins and two anal fins.
Conservation Note: Although fishing for cod was once a dominant part of the New England economy, in recent decades overfishing has severely depleted cod stocks. Thus, Seafood Watch lists Atlantic cod as a seafood to Avoid, except for cod obtained through hook-and-line fishing in the Gulf of Maine.